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Understanding About Thyroid Disorder - Symptoms, Types And Advanced Tests

The body’s functioning depends a lot on the hormones the body produces. Different glands produce hormones to control various functions of the body. When the level of hormones is disturbed, the body shows certain dysfunctioning. One needs to notice all the activities of the body to check whether everything is normal in the body or not.

The butterfly-shaped gland known as the Thyroid gland is located at the back of the neck below Adam’s apple. This gland is responsible for the overall metabolism of the body. If the thyroid gland is disturbed it can cause goiter, a condition where the gland is enlarged which may further lead to life-threatening cancer.

However, the common problems seen in the Thyroid are the imbalance of hormones that leads to hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. If you want to be sure about the disorder you can book a pathology test online as it is a cabinet option to get your medical checkups done. Online pathology checkups are time-saving, reliable, and convenient.

Types Of Thyroid Disorder

  • Hypothyroidism

When the thyroid gland produces a lack of T3 and T4 hormones into the blood it may affect the body’s functioning and metabolism. This condition causes high levels of TSH in the blood. Hypothyroidism is a condition when the thyroid gland is underactive and the imbalance in the hormones leads to weight gain, hair fall, low mood, and forgetfulness.

  • Hyperthyroidism

When the proactive thyroid gland produces excess hormone into the blood, it causes low levels of TSH in the blood. The common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are weight loss, irritability, difficulty in sleeping, and fatigue. This condition is common between the age of 20 to 40.

Physical Examination To Check The Signs 

After knowing the symptoms you can also do a physical examination of your body to check if there are any changes likes these occurring in the body:-

  • Swelling around the eyes and legs
  • Slow Reflex Action
  • Dry Skin
  • Slow Heart Rate

These are some physical examinations that every individual can do personally. If any of the above signs are seen for a longer period then the test is advised with the prescription of the doctor.

Why Is A Thyroid Test Necessary?

Sometimes the symptoms are not enough to be sure what problem your body is facing. To get a surety on the dysfunctioning of the body and then take proper medical help one needs to get health checkups done. If a person is losing weight and feeling dull there could be other possible reasons too, but to detect the imbalance in the thyroid a proper thyroid test is necessary. 

It will also help in determining whether the person has hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. The further treatment depends upon the test results therefore an advanced test for the thyroid is prescribed to get the confirmation.

What Is An Advanced Thyroid Test?

An advanced thyroid test measures the three major hormones of the thyroid which are Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4). The advanced thyroid test also includes thyroid antibodies. When the body is attacked by an autoimmune disease the thyroid antibodies can attack the body creating a thyroid disorder.

Concluding Thoughts 

Checking for thyroid levels during the time of illness per pregnancy is not advised as the hormones might change their levels therefore the reports may not come accurate. If you feel that your body is not functioning properly, do not delay the health checkups as diagnosis becomes easy when the detection of illness is at an early stage.


  1. Neha Gupta says:

    Thyroid Test is must to proper recovery.

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